Pet dog nutrition and metabolic diseases need to be valued urgently
With the improvement of living standards, pet dogs have gradually entered millions of households, but because people's raising dogs often lack certain professional knowledge and management experience, the diseases of various pet dogs bring spiritual and economical to the pet owner's spiritual and economical Losses, especially nutritional metabolic diseases, are often ignored by pet owners and even professional pet doctors. The reason is that first, some nutritional metabolic diseases are formed for a long time, especially in early clinical signs. Second, ordinary pet hospitals often only pay attention to the records of infectious diseases and ignore such diseases. Third, the domestic pet medical care has not been fully introduced to the application of nutrition. According to current clinical data statistics, the incidence of nutritional metabolic diseases of dogs in my country has a tendency to increase year by year, and it is hidden with clinical signs that are not recognized. The prevention and treatment of nutritional metabolic diseases involves the welfare cause of dogs. The degree of humanization of foreign dogs and the level of animal nutrition is higher. The diagnosis and treatment of aging diseases will be treated accordingly. The prevention and treatment of nutritional metabolic diseases also attach great importance to it. The improvement of small animals through nutritional applications has long become reality. In China, with the improvement of people's living standards, multi -layer disadvantages are hidden in dog breeding management, domestic veterinary clinic workers have also begun to shift their attention. Pet hospitals have gradually attached importance to the nutritional metabolic diseases of pet dogs, obesity, nutritional nutrition, nutrition Lack of disease, diabetes, cymbals, cataracts caused by lack of vitamins have been controlled.
Nutritional metabolic diseases are the general term for nutritional disorders and metabolic disorders. Nutritional disorders are due to insufficient supply or lack of certain nutrients needed by animals, or due to excessive nutrients.And use the disease caused; and metabolic disorder is a disease caused by internal environmental disorders due to abnormal changes in one or more metabolic processes in the body.There are many types of nutritional and metabolic diseases of pet dogs. Clinically, diabetes, cymbals, leukemia, dog nutritional diseases, obesity, nutritional deficiency, postpartum epilepsy, etc.The following is a survey of five common nutritional metabolic diseases.
Introduction to the introduction of five main nutritional metabolic diseases and their survey methods
The so -called obesity refers to the increase and excess of the fat tissue in the organism. Because the total energy intake of the body exceeds consumption, the excessive part can only be stored in the form of fat, causing obesity. This kind of fat is too much nutrients.Diseases are common in adult dogs. Dogs with good feeding conditions are most likely to suffer from obesity. The incidence rate is much higher than that of nutritional deficiency.
The data of clinical data came from the outpatient cases of three pet hospitals surveyed in Wuxi in the Wuxi area in February, March, and April, and 104 cases of statistical classification and analysis of the diagnosed diagnosed.
2. Dog nutritional stones
Dog nutritional stones refer to condensation that causes excessive protein, phosphorus, magnesium, etc. or vitamin A with excessive protein, phosphorus, magnesium, or vitamin A that causes the crystallization of inorganic salt or organic salt in the urinary tract, that is, stones, stones or multiple crystals to stimulate urinary tract mucosa mucosa mucosaA urinary organ disease that causes bleeding, inflammation or obstruction.Due to the different clinical manifestations of the stones where the diseased dog is located, it is generally manifested as a depression. The arched back abdomen has repeatedly made urination positions, vomiting, and often occurs urgency, frequent urination, urination, and hematuria.It is often contaminated with blood), and even no urine, the abdomen is enlarged, sometimes moaning, and the whole body shakes.Some canine kidney stones do not show the clinical signs of abdominal pain and hematuria, that is, no other obvious abnormalities do not occur without infection and obstruction.The stretch of the abdominal wall was tense, the sick dog dodged, and moaning intensified.According to the part where stones occur, urethrashin can be divided into urethral stones, bladder stones, ureteral stones, and kidney stones.
The data of the clinical data came from the outpatient cases of three pet hospitals surveyed in Wuxi in the Wuxi area in February, March, and April, and the 103 cases of the diagnosis were classified and analyzed.
3. Canine diabetes
Diabetes is an endocrine disease that causes disorders of sugar metabolism due to the relative or absolute lack of insulin.It is characterized by high blood sugar and diabetes.Clinically, eating more, drinking, urine, and weight loss, and often accompanied by complications and worsening the condition.Diabetes are generally divided into spontaneous diabetes and secondary diabetes.There are two aspects of the diagnosis of dog diabetes:
3.1 Clinical diagnosis The preliminary diagnosis can be used as diabetes according to the typical three more symptoms, that is, multi -urine, more drinking, more food and weight loss.When keto acid poisoning occurs, animals will be anorexia, depression, vomiting, and diarrhea, reduced drinking water or refusing to drink, and the exhaled gas has rotten apple flavor (acetone flavor).In addition, when 8 to 12 years old, diabetes may occur when they are 8 to 12 years old.The long -term blood glucose caused by urine causes the body's metabolic disorders, often with white internal incomplete, and the concurrent rate reaches 60%.Therefore, it is necessary for a whole body examination during diagnosis.
3.2 Laboratory diagnosis of blood sugar concentration above 8.4 mmol/ L (normal 3.9 ~ 6.2 mmol/ L), urine sugar is strong, and when the urine does not contain inflammatory cells and red blood cells, it can be diagnosed as diabetes.Maintaining high blood sugar after pregnancy or estrus, then it is necessary to consider it as type I or type II diabetes.However, when the blood sugar and urinary sugar value is not obvious, the glucose tolerance test can be performed.
The data of the clinical data came from the outpatient cases of three pet hospitals surveyed in Wuxi in the Wuxi area in February, March, and April, and 57 cases of statistical classification analysis of the diagnosed diagnosis.
4. Postpartum epilepsy
The postpartum epilepsy, also known as the postpartum (prenatal) pain (PARTURENT ECLAMPSIA), also known as Eclampsia Pueperalis, commonly known as "postpartum wind".It is a severe metabolic disease characterized by a variety of causes of blood calcium in the body and the characteristics characterized by muscle convulsion and cramps.Most of the number of small bitchs that are more than 1 to 3 weeks after giving birth such as Chow Chow, Jingba Dog, and Shih Shi Dog.This disease is urgent, the course of the disease is short, and it is a production disease characterized by convulsions.Through clinical observations, the incidence of this disease accounts for about 15%of the number of clinics. Generally, treatment is generally treated in a timely manner.
The data of clinical data came from the outpatient cases of three pet hospitals surveyed in Wuxi in the Wuxi region in February, March, and April, and the 75 cases of the diagnosis of 75 cases were classified and analyzed.
Actinopathy is a metabolic disease caused by vitamin D and calcium.The incidence of rigid disease in nutritional metabolic diseases is high, and the lack of vitamin A and carotene in the feed, or improper proportion of calcium, phosphorus or proportion in feed are important causes of this disease.It can also cause the disease. Premature milk can promote the occurrence of the disease. It is a puppies' cartilage osteotrophic disorder, leading to incomplete osteoma in development.The disease often leads to pathological phenomena such as slow development of puppies, physical deformation, and differentiated. Once the "O" or "X" legs are formed, it is more difficult to school.Severe cases of clinical symptoms show that the dog is rough and extremely thin.The joints of the limbs are swollen. When walking, the forelimb is kneeling, and it is extremely painful to walk on the ground. The disease often occurs from dogs at the age of 2 to May. The incidence of large dogs is higher than small dogs.
The data of the clinical data came from the outpatient cases of three pet hospitals surveyed in Wuxi in the Wuxi area in 2, 3, and April, and the 21 cases of the diagnosis were classified and analyzed.
Second, the survey results of five main nutritional metabolic diseases
1. Investigation results of obesity
The following are the statistical forms of obesity and nutritional deficiency in the Wuxi area surveyed in Wuxi in February, 3rd, and April.
Table 1 2, March, April, April and April, Conditions on Obesity and Nutrition Deficiency
Table 2 The effect of dog weight on the incidence (unit:%)
|Normal weight dog
|Beyond normal weight dogs
In summary, the heavier diseases, digestive diseases, skin diseases, and diabetic diseases that exceed the normal weight of dogs are higher than normal weight dogs.
2. Investigation results of dog nutritional urine stones
We conducted a survey of 103 cases, and the results obtained were shown in Table 3 and Table 4.
Table 3 Classified statistics according to the occurrence site
|Number of cases
|Number of cases
3. Investigation results of dog diabetes
2, 3, and April in Wuxi area, the onset of pet canine diabetes in the three pet hospitals in Wuxi area is shown in Table 5.
Table 5 Pet dog diabetes on the disease statistics table
|Chow Chow Dog
4. Investigation results of postpartum epilepsy
The cases of three pet hospitals surveyed in Wuxi in the Wuxi region were shown in Table 6.
Table 6 Postpartum epilepsy clinical onset statistics table
|Within 1 week after giving birth
|1 to 2 weeks after giving birth
|2 to 3 weeks after giving birth
5. Investigation results of canine pheasant disease
The cases of the three pet hospitals surveyed in Wuxi in the Wuxi region were shown in Table 7.
Table 7 Clinical Statistics Form
|January to June age
|6 to December age
|Older age or above