How to prevent canine periodontitis

How to prevent canine periodontitis

Usually pay attention to oral hygiene

Periodontitis is generally caused by bacterial infection and slow inflammation caused by not cleaning the dog's mouth in time.

I. The etiology of canine periodontitis

1. Fungal factors:

Candida albicans, Blastomyces dermatitis, Histoplasma capsularis, etc.

2. Bacterial factors:

Clostridium and spirochetes, which are part of the normal oral microbiome, can cause necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, stomatitis, Leptospira canis, and Leptospira hemorrhagic jaundice, and can also cause oral infections in dogs.

3. Physical factors:

Dogs accidentally eat sawdust, iron wire, fish hooks, burrs, sewing needles and other foreign objects, causing damage to the oral cavity and causing oral inflammation or ulcers; in addition, accidentally eating heavy metals and irritating drugs, accidentally biting live wires can directly cause

4. Immune Mediating Factors:

Most cases of dogs have oral lesions, which often invade the primary site, and spread from the scattered ulcers of the lips and oral mucosa to the tongue and gums to form lesions.

5. Metabolic factors:

1 Chronic renal dysfunction (such as diabetes, nephropathy), which is aggravated by dry mouth due to dehydration.

2 Uremia caused by systemic diseases.

3 Hypothyroidism and hypoparathyroidism can cause oral mucosal ulcers and periodontal disease.

4 Vitamin deficiency can directly lead to oral diseases, especially the lack of B vitamins can aggravate such diseases.

5 Chronic gastritis and gastric ulcer can also cause oral diseases.

How to prevent canine periodontitis

Provide teeth grinding tools

Second, how to diagnose canine periodontitis

1. Generally, dogs with periodontitis have bad breath, salivation, gingival nubs, swelling, softening, atrophy, exposed roots, loose teeth, purulent secretions in the gums (or purulent secretions from squeezing the gums)

2. Specific symptoms, hungry, want to eat food, but dare not eat because of the pain, when the food enters the mouth, it stimulates the inflammation and causes pain, and the dog suddenly howls and escapes.

3. When the mouth is opened, there are different degrees of redness, ulcers or granulation on the oral mucosa, tongue, soft palate, hard palate and gums.

4. Radiography showed localized alveolar osteolysis, indicating apical abscess.

Three, how to prevent canine periodontitis

1. First of all, if the dog already has the problem of dental calculus, it must be dealt with as soon as possible.

2. Because some dogs have serious dental calculus, their teeth will become loose after removal. If the dog is very old, the loose teeth can be extracted.

3. Apply iodine glycerin after operation.

4. In the future, regularly check the dog's mouth, do a good job of cleaning, and use gauze to regularly clean the tartar.